Abstracts (Page 2 von 12)

17. Juli 2020

Zum Empörungspotenzial visualisierter Mütterlichkeit. Ein Fallvergleich am Beispiel der Postings von ›Celebrity-Müttern‹ bei Instagram

Dieser Beitrag nähert sich der Visualisierung von Mütterlichkeit in sozialen Netzwerken und den damit verbundenen Risiken über Konzepte der Skandal- und Shitstormforschung an. Grundsätzlich gilt, dass sich jede*r, der*die sich in irgendeiner Form öffentlich inszeniert, angreifbar machen kann. Allerdings werden vor allem Celebritys besonders häufig zur Zielscheibe kollektiver Empörung, da ihr Privatleben stets von besonderem Interesse ist. Dabei müssen sie nicht zwingend Ungewöhnliches von sich im Netz preisgeben, sondern es werden ebenso Alltagssituationen moralisch bewertet und auch von Nutzer*innen teilweise verurteilt. Es besteht der Eindruck, dass gepostete Bilder eher als Texte...

Storytelling im digitalen Wahlkampf: Analysen transmedialer Kampagnen am Beispiel der österreichischen Bundespräsidentschaftswahl 2016

In digitalen Öffentlichkeiten haben sich im Laufe der letzten Jahre die Möglichkeiten für politische Erzählungen und den Einsatz von Bildmaterial auf Social-Media-Accounts oder Websites erheblich erweitert. Der Beitrag rekonstruiert am Beispiel der erfolgreichen Kampagne von Alexander Van der Bellen im österreichischen Bundespräsidentschaftswahlkampf 2016, wie Storytelling in einen Wahlkampf eingebunden werden kann. Die biografisch geprägte Erzählung des Kandidaten von der Flucht seiner Familie und der Ankunft im Tiroler Kaunertal sowie die Ableitung des für die Kampagne zentralen Heimatbegriffs aus dieser Erzählung wurden zu einem wichtigen Bestandteil der Kommunikationsaktivitäten...

Das virale G7-Foto: Deutungsmuster im User-Generated-Content zu visueller politischer Kommunikation auf Twitter

Das virale Foto einer Besprechung während des G7-Gipfels 2018 im kanadischen La Malbaie, das vom deutschen Regierungsfotografen Jesco Denzel aufgenommen wurde, hat zahlreiche Reaktionen in klassischen Medien sowie in sozialen Netzwerken ausgelöst. Dieser Beitrag beschäftigt sich mit Reaktionen auf Twitter , die das Foto durch zitierende Einbettung und/oder Bearbeitung als User-Generated-Content in Umlauf gebracht und dabei mit unterschiedlichen Deutungen aufgeladen haben. Eine multimodale Frame-Analyse dieser Tweets hat gezeigt, dass NutzerInnen nicht nur in spielerischer Form auf das Foto reagiert, sondern anhand des Fotos unterschiedliche Themen wie das Verhalten Donald Trumps auf der internationalen...

28. November 2019

Spies, Murder and the Mafia: Exposing a Scandalous Cold War Conspiracy

Mark Feldstein discusses a political (non-)scandal that has become somewhat of a historical afterwit. Feldstein investigates the CIA’s countless (failed) attempts to assassinate Cuban revolutionary leader Fidel Castro and discusses why this plot, despite journalistic exposés, never caused major public outrage and had little political consequences. Feldstein’s case study is not only an entertaining read about spies, murders and the mafia but also makes interesting observations on how changes in journalistic culture can affect media coverage of potentially confrontative issues. The Castro murder-plot is a lesson what happens if the press covers relevant issues extensively but belatedly, i.e....

Media Coverage of Corruption:

Scandalogy Challenges of the Analysis of Corruption Based on Media Reporting and Selected Corruption Cases

The collection closes with a paper by Andrej Školkay who discusses fundamental methodological challenges in our academic culture. Školkay rightly observes that what attracts the attention of scandal researchers may only be ›the top of the iceberg‹ because such research is overwhelmingly based on case studies. Case study research has – mostly unacknowledged – deficits both with respect to the selection of cases and in the understanding of overall scientific outcomes and goals of analyses. Especially the imbalanced case selection may lead to wrong generalizations about the nature, frequency of occurrences, types, causes and consequences of scandals, thus problematizing future research...

Dress to Oppress: Performing Blasphemy on the Red Carpet – Scandalogy

Anna Kleiman analyzes the ›Jerusalem Dress‹ scandal, regarded as a seemingly harmless fashion gesture by some, which received massive media attention in Israel but less so in international news. The ›Jerusalem Dress‹ is an example for a scandal in culture. Social outrage was provoked by a bold dress worn by the Israeli Minister of Culture and Sports at the Cannes Film Festival red carpet event in 2017. The author argues that this reflected how a very refined balance in Israeli culture was roughly undermined. Kleiman offers a thorough media and discourse analysis of the case and illustrates how scandals in culture can result from the overlapping of several social sub-fields. The dynamics...

Politicians’ private lives and scandals: how the law and journalistic cultures offer protection of politicians’ private lives during scandals

Gemma Horton addresses legal questions of media coverage in scandalization processes. Horton evaluates privacy rules in France and the USA in a comparative study by examining the most prominent political scandals in both countries. The paper is also a study on media ethics, which are often based on legal restrictions. Her results show that French law has historically protected politicians’ private sphere, while in the US privacy rules have been rather weak until today. Horton argues that these legal differences are changing in the French context right now due to cultural transformations of public conceptions of politics, which she demonstrates with an analysis of the scandalizing media reporting...

Reversed Arguments: Transformation of an Issue on Human Rights into a Scandalous one

Adriana Montanaro-Mena focuses on scandals in the context of human rights and social movements and discusses a case in Brazilian media and politics: the construction of the Belo Monte hydroelectric plant. The author analyzes the dominant narratives behind the construction of the plant and illustrates how political and corporate public relations managed to frame social movements and the violation of human rights in Brazilian media. Montanaro-Mena argues that the case of Belo Monte was not a scandal because it became clear that institutions that were responsible for licensing the hydroelectric plant had exploited indigenous communities, as one would expect. Rather, the scandalization revolved around...

Political scandals in the age of pop-politics: the glamourization of corruption

Roberto Mincigrucci ventures further into his analysis of the Italian media system and the prevalence of political scandals. The study focuses on the coverage of corruption in major Italian newspapers. The author argues that the journalist’s tendency to cover corruption through mediated scandals originates from the process of political popularization. The analysis shows that scandals are so widespread in Italian political news because they transform corruption into an attractive product for a wide range of audiences. Thereby, Mincigrucci improves our understanding of cultures of scandal because his research highlights the connection between the commercialization of media systems and effects...

How Scandal Varies by Industry: The Effect of Industry Culture on Scandalization of Behaviors

In addition to these historical analyses, W. Timothy Coombs and Sherry J. Holladay give empirical insights into two very recent issues that could cause scandalization in the United States: cases of domestic violence by NFL players and enduring misogynistic behavior in the tech-industry. Coombs’ and Holladay’s main argument is that specific industry cultures in both sectors are fundamentally influencing decision-making and determine whether misbehavior is scandalized in an organization or in the industry. Such industry cultures affect whether specific actions are sanctioned or not. The authors show that deficits in organizational communication, particularly crisis prevention and management,...